Tuesday, 13 April 2010

Sino Korean Numbers

Sino-Korean Number can be used to express price, telephone or bus number, and dates.
0 영(yong) or 공 (gong)  
1 일 (il)
2 이 (i)
3 삼 (sam)
4 사 (sa)
5 오 (o)
6 육 (yug)
7 칠 (chil)
8 팔 (phal)
9 구 (gu) 
10 십(sip)
20 이십(isip)
30 삼십 (samsip)
40 사십(sasip)
50 오십(osip)
60 육십(yugsip)
70 칠십(chilsip)
80 팔십(phalsip)
90 구십 (gusip) 
100 백 (beg)
1.000 천 (chon)
10.000 만 (man)
100.000 샵만 (sip-man)
1.000.000 백만 (beg-man)
10.000.000 천만 (chon-man)
100.000.000 억 (og)
Example :
Price         : 10 원, 100원, 10.000원
Phone number    : 02-925-3857
Bus number    : 34번, 70번
Date        : 2월14일, 5월8일
Note : 
In contras to English, the base for counting large number in Korean, e.g price, is 10.000 (만)[man]. For example, 1.000.000 (백만)[beg-man] is expressed as 100(백)[beg]ten thousand (만)[man].
The word for zero is '영'[yong], however, in telephone number, another word, '공[gong] is used.  

몇번 : what number / which number
Previously, ''몇' (myod) was translate as 'how many', however if '몇' is used with '번' (bon) [number], the meaning of '몇' is changed to 'what' or 'which'. For instance, '몇번' is used to ask a numerical question (e.g a telephone number or a bus number).
Example :
            A : 몇번버스예요? (Myod-bon bo-se ye-yo?)
                 What is the bus number?
            B : 701번. (Chil-beg-i bon)
                 It's number 701
A : 전하번허가몇번이에요? (Jon-ha bon-ho-ga myod-bon-i-ye-yo?
     What is your telephone number? 
B : 565-8578이에요. (o-yug-o-e-phal-o-chil-phal-i-ye-yo
     My number is 565-8578.

Note :
When you give a telephone number in Korean, say '에' (e) for the dash. 

몇월며칠 : what date / which date
The interrogative '몇' (myod) can also be be used with month '월' (wol) or day '일' (il) to ask about the date. Note that '며칠' (myo-chil), not '몇 일' (myod-il) is used to ask the date. The two are indistinguishable in pronounciation, but '며 칠' (myo-chil) must be used in writing.
Example :

월 (wol) : month
1. January
일월7. July 칠월
2. February
이월8. August 팔월
3. March
삼월9. September 구월
4. April
사월10. October시월
5. May
오월11. November 십일월
6. June
유월12. December십이월

요일(yoil) : days
Monday월요일 (wolyoil)

Vocabulary :
Today        : 오늘 (onel)
Yesterday    : 어제(oje)
Tomorrow    : 내일 (neil)
2 days before    : 그저께(gejokke)
2 days after     : 머레(more)
얼마예요: How much is - ?
The expression '얼마예요' (ol-ma-ye-yo) is used to ask about the price of an item. Sino Korean numbers are used to answer this question.
Example :
A : 이가방이얼마예요? (i-ka-ba-ngi ol-ma-ye-yo?)
How much is this bag?
B : 오만원이에요. (o-man won i-ye-yo)
It's 50.000 won